VINEYARD ROAD

Çeşme-Bağlararası-Ovacık-Manastır

Distance: 10.5 km

Lowest point: 10 m

Highest point: 80 m

Difficulty level: 1

 

Transportation to the beginning of the course: You arrive to Urla center by taking the ESHOT bus numbered 725 from the Fahrettin Altay (Üçkuyular) transfer center. After Urla, it is possible to go to Çeşme by the bus numbered 760. Moreover, in order to get to the district center you can take the privately operated Çeşme buses, which depart from the İzmir bus terminal and the Üçkuyular district terminal.
Details of the course: The course starts from the Bağlararası excavation site from Çeşme center. A winery was revealed through the excavations at the Bağlararası site in 2009. The proof of this winery, which is from the 1700s B.C., was due to the grape seeds, the amphoras, the clover-mouthed pitchers, the chambers in which grapes were squashed and the cellars in  which the wines were kept. 
After Bağlararası the excavation site, we enter the Çeşme - İzmir state highway and take the Ovacık village turn. We depart from the asphalt village road approximately after 2.5 km, go under the Çeşme-İzmir highway and enter the plain road. Throughout this road, table grapes such as sultaniye, alphonse lavallee and razaki (sweet and white grape) are produced in individual vineyards. At the west of the region, Çeşme Bağcılık grows Merlot and Cabarnet Sauvignon wine grapes on a 400 decare land. The establishment opens its door to the public on certain days of the week. There are dirt roads in between individual vineyards. Transport within the course can either be provided by walking, cycling or motor vehicle options.
Shopping and accommodation: There are shopping opportunities at the centers of Üçkuyular, Çeşme and Alaçatı. Several hotels and guesthouses are available in Çeşme and Alaçatı.
Bağlararası: The ancient settlement, which was revealed after a five season long excavation since 2002 and was excavated under the management of the Çeşme Directorate of Museums and Prof. Dr. Hayat Erkanal, with the scientific contributions of Limantepe Excavations, dates back to 2000-1500 B.C.
Prof. Dr. Erkanal highlights that the city is very important for many reasons. Traces of both the Hittites, which is a Central Asian community, and the Cretan Minos civilization were revealed here. The reason that brings these very important civilizations together which has steered history in Çeşme is the rich mineral deposit; especially gold...The Hittites and the Cretan did not only care for the mineral deposit in Çeşme and its environs, but at the same time did production. Prof. Dr. Erkanal who states that the most important production center is the winery adds, "We have discovered a winery that goes back as far as 2000s B.C. There are examples similar to this in Crete. However, this is the oldest winery that is known to exist in Anatolia. In the Hittite texts, wine goes under the name of "vienna". This is a word that was also used before them. It is understood that there was wine production in Anatolia before the Hittites. The word "vienna" later on passes to Europe in the form of "vine", "vino". Western nations take the name of the wine from Anatolia as well. We acknowledge that from the written sources; however, we were not able to find a winery where this kind of mass production of wine production was made up until now. We have detected that in Çeşme and I am certain that the wine that was produced here was exported". 

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